International Group B Strep Awareness Month (July)

International Group B Strep Awareness Month (1st July)

Group B Strep

Group B strep (GBS) are type of gram-positive streptococcal bacteria also known as Streptococcus agalactiae found normally in the intestine, vagina, and rectal area. GBS infection is treated with antibiotics.



Early-onset GBS disease within one week after birth.

  • Fever
  • Difficulty in feeding
  • Lethargy


Late-onset GBS disease within a week to first month.

  • Difficulty in breathing
  • Fever
  • Difficulty in feeding
  • Lethargy
  • Irritability


In Adults

Group B Strep in your bowel, vagina, rectum, bladder or throat can cause urinary tract infection or blood infections (bacteremia) or pneumonia.



In Infants, if

  • Group B strep in mother’s body.
  • Premature birth (earlier than 37 weeks)
  • Rupture of bag of waters in Mother 18 hours or more before delivery
  • Infection in placental tissues & amniotic fluid
  • GBS Bacteria detected in mother’s urine (bacteriuria) during pregnancy
  • Mother’s temperature is greater than 100.4 F (38 C) during labor
  • Previous delivery of infant with group B strep disease


In adults, if

  • Medical condition with impaired immune system, e.g. diabetes, HIV infection, cancer or liver disease.




  • Inflammation of the lungs (pneumonia)
  • Inflammation of the membranes and fluid surrounding the brain and spinal cord (meningitis)
  • Infection in the bloodstream (bacteremia)



Pregnant woman

  • Urinary tract infection
  • Infection of the placenta and amniotic fluid (chorioamnionitis)
  • Inflammation and infection of the membrane lining the uterus (endometritis)
  • Infection of the bloodstream (sepsis)


Older adult or those having a chronic health condition

  • Skin infection (cellulitis)
  • Infection of bloodstream (sepsis)
  • Urinary tract infection
  • Inflammation of lungs (pneumonia)
  • Bone and joint infections
  • Infection of heart valves (endocarditis)

Inflammation of membranes & fluid around brain & spinal cord (meningitis)

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